Week 1

Feeding and Digestive Issues: Thrush

Thrush is a scary-sounding name for a harmless yeast infection that develops in a baby’s mouth and/or a breastfeeding mother’s nipples. You can recognize thrush by the white cottage-cheese-like patches in your baby’s mouth that won’t rub off. In fact, they might peel away to reveal raw, bleeding skin. (Note, however, that we’re not talking about the normal milky film that most newborns have until they develop enough saliva to fully wash away breast milk or formula.)

Babies first come in contact with yeast (your yeast, in fact) in the birth canal, but “good bacteria” helps to maintain it in their bodies. However, if something upsets this balance – usually antibiotics – then an overgrowth of yeast can cause an infection. Some babies aren’t bothered by it at all, while others find it so uncomfortable that feeding becomes difficult. Luckily it usually clears up without treatment, but breastfeeding moms should be aware that the infection could pass into their nipples (and visa versa).

If you notice white patches in your baby’s mouth and/or experience itchy, painful and flaky nipples:

  • Call your pediatrician. Although it will most likely clear up in a couple of weeks, some doctors might prescribe an antifungal medication for you and the baby to take for about 10 days.
  • Don’t stop breastfeeding, if you currently are doing so. Thrush can make it uncomfortable for your baby (and you) to nurse, but it will clear up soon. If you suspect your baby is in too much pain to eat normally, ask your doctor about acetaminophen.
  • Keep an eye out during diapering. The yeast in your baby’s mouth might travel through the digestive system and cause a painful-looking diaper rash that is unresponsive to typical rash creams. (Yeast loves to grow in warm, moist places.) Try an over-the-counter antifungal cream, but call the doctor if the rash doesn’t clear up in two or three days. Oozing, blister-like sores and a fever are indications that a bigger bacterial infection is festering, which will definitely need medical attention.

Although some people are simply more prone to yeast overgrowths, there are a few measures you can take to possibly prevent thrush:

  • If you can, avoid giving antibiotics to your baby and, if breastfeeding, taking them yourself. Antibiotics can kill off the good yeast-managing bacteria that our bodies need.
  • If antibiotics are unavoidable, ask your doctor about you and/or the baby taking probiotic supplements to replace the “good” bacteria lost to antibiotics. Breastfeeding moms can also eat more yogurt and dairy, which contain live acidophilus cultures.
  • Breastfeeding mothers should air-dry their nipples between feedings to avoid a moist, yeast-growing environment.
  • Be extra clean by sterilizing pacifiers and wearing fresh nursing bras.

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12 thoughts on “Caring for Your Newborn: A complete guide to the first week with your new baby

  1. says:

    If you plan on breast feeding, having formula in the house is an invitation to failure. Pleas consider NOT having “back up” formula. Instead have good breast feeding books (like The Womanly Art of Breastfeeding) & the number of a good lactation consultant.

  2. says:

    I agree entirely on not keeping formula in your house. Breastfeeding can take awhile to get a hang of, and that’s okay for the baby. That first week is such a vulnerable time, it’s easy to give in. If you need formula, your doctor will tell you at your one week appointment, or you can see a lactation consultant, and pick it up on the way home. It’s not that hard to stop by a drug store or get someone to stop for you if it’s needed.

  3. says:

    If you’ve decided to cloth diaper, I’d still use disposables for the first month or so. For one thing, it’s not particularly cost effective over disposables to buy that tiny size in addition to the bigger sizes or one size diapers. Also, figuring out a laundry routine for cloth diapers can take some experimentation and troubleshooting, which I think is better left for a little later on.

  4. says:

    This is a really well thought-out and written piece. Week one is so overwhelming, I’m glad it’s acknowledged and supported.

  5. says:

    I completely agree with the cloth diaper comment – and I’m glad this article pointed that out as well. While I’m a big fan of cloth diapers LATER, trying to use them in the beginning is a set-up for failure and a HUGE waste of what should have been an investment. I’d try them in a few months.

  6. says:

    Give yourself complete permission to do nothing that isn’t crucial to your infant’s (and your) survival in those early weeks. This probably means feeding the baby and yourself, changing the baby, and getting as much rest as possible. I am one of those people who can’t easily fall asleep, no matter how exhausted I am, so napping while my newborn took 30-minute “naps” just was not possible (and the people who cheerfully told me “just sleep when the baby sleeps!” became very irritating). Between that and breastfeeding every 90-120 minutes, exhaustion got me quickly and probably set me up for a few very rough months. So rest if you can, even if you can’t sleep, and ignore the guilt that might come along with seeing the laundry stack up.

  7. says:

    I breastfed my infant for over a year, but those early weeks were tougher than I ever expected. As much as I agree with not “caving in” by giving the baby formula early on, recognize that for some people, this *may* be a much-needed bridge to full-blown breastfeeding. In my case my milk didn’t come in for 6 full days and my lactation consultant from La Leche League didn’t get back to me for almost 36 hours, which is a lifetime when your baby is hungry and crying constantly and no one is sleeping. At day 5 we decided to use some formula and this covered us until my milk arrived. I beat myself up over this repeatedly (as did so-called “friends” who viewed using formula as practically the equivalent of giving the baby red Kool-Aid). Formula isn’t poison; try not to add guilt to everything else you’re probably feeling in those weeks.

  8. says:

    Excellent article Babble – bravo! I am mixed with the formula in the house debate. I only have one can and one bottle that someone gave me – low and behold a month later and I’m being rushed to the ER with a serious intra-uterine infection. My neighbors took our daughter and gave her her first bottle. They kept asking him how much she took and we were like “we have no idea!” we went right back to BFing when I got home from the hospital. but if we hadn’t had that one little can and lone bottle we would have really been up a creek and inconvienced our neighbors.

    I totally agree with the comment of don’t do anything that you don’t HAVE to. I am about as earthy as the come….but the first two weeks solid..we used paper plates and cups. It’s just a “pass” I gave myself. I threw all the laundry into the machine together and went to bed at 7 when the baby went “down for the night”

    DON”T FEEL GUILTY and DON”T LET ANYONE ELSE MAKE YOU FEEL GUILTY for doing whatever you need (within reason obviously!!!) to get by! This is even more true with subsequent babies

  9. says:

    I was so relieved at how easy it was to switch back and forth between breastfeeding and formula. I had been told that my baby, given a bottle, would never go back to the breast and that was absolutely not the case. It saved my health and sanity for my husband to be able to feed the baby overnight — and gave him (and my parental visitors) a chance to bond with her as well. If you must use breastmilk only, you can always pump, but I highly recommend getting used to not being the sole feeder early on. You will be grateful for the rest and your partner will be grateful to share such an important role.

  10. says:

    I agree with most of the advice in this article, however breastfeeding mothers should NOT keep formula in the house “just in case”. Breastfeeding can be hard in the beginning and having an easy out right under your nose is counter-productive. If the baby isn’t gaining well and you need to supplement, it can be easy enough to pick some up on the way home from the pediatrician’s office, as someone already pointed out. Also, pumping a little milk from engorged breasts will not make your body produce even more milk. It’s *emptying* the breast that signals the brain to produce more milk. Pumping or hand expressing a little to soften the breasts and allow the baby to latch easier, relieve the mother’s discomfort and prevent a plugged duct is absolutely fine.

  11. Jane says:

    I disagree with many of these comments. You should absolutely have a good formula on hand (organic!) even if you plan on exclusively breastfeeding. I had to go to the ER for postpartum hemmorhage when my son was just 10 days old, and I was there for 18 hours (had to have a D&C). I didn’t have time to pump before I went (obviously) and if I hadn’t had formula on hand at home, it would have been a lot more difficult for my sister to deal with at 3am in the middle of the night. And I’d rather have the best formula on hand than have someone run out and buy the crappy stuff, not to mention having a screaming hungry newborn who has to wait for them to go to the store and back and then make a bottle. Anyway, I believe in having formula on hand for other emergency situations (storms, earthquakes, etc). Be prepared! If you really want to breastfeed, you can do it and a bottle of formula in your pantry won’t deter you.

  12. Hi,

    Thanks for your valuable tips about Parenting. I am also a mother of 2 year old daughter and I know how naughty she is. Your tips is really helpful to calm in irritating situations as well

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