Today, 55 years ago on December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks, a secretary in the local chapter of the NAACP, sat down on a bus and refused to listen when she was told to give up her seat for a white passenger.
Google is remembering Rosa Parks today with a Google doodle, on the same day as World Aids Day.
Parks’ act of defiance was followed four days later by a bus boycott, led by Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Montgomery Improvement Association. In November 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld a lower court’s decision that had declared the city’s segregated seating rule unconstitutional, and on December 20, 1956, the court order was served.
The bus boycott brought King to national prominence and birthed the modern civil rights movement. Parks never sought the limelight but nevertheless became an icon of the American civil rights movement.
Parks has been named the U.S. Congress “the first lady of civil rights”, and “the mother of the freedom movement”. So, although today is not her birthday, Google decided to remember the anniversary of the day she refused to move with a Google doodle.
Some are upset with Google that they did not post a red ribbon today, in addition to the Rosa Parks logo, to commemorate World AIDS Day which is also today.