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Gestational Diabetes: Know Your Risk Sooner in Pregnancy

Gestational Diabetes: Know Your Risk Sooner in Pregnancy A study published in the The Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM),  “tested the blood of 716 pregnant women during the first trimester to measure their levels of the soluble (pro)renin receptor, or s(P)RR. Of the participants, 44 women developed gestational diabetes.”

Performed between 24-28 weeks (give or take), the GD test gives you and your practitioner an idea of whether you are at risk for gestational diabetes. A “yes” on the initial test doesn’t necessarily mean you have GD, but that you’ll need more testing to be sure.

Researchers found pregnant women with elevated s(P)RR levels were more likely to be diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Women who had the highest s(P)RR levels were 2.9 times more likely to develop gestational diabetes than women who had the lowest levels.

If you do, a change in diet is usually recommended along with being placed in a higher risk category to monitor you and baby closely the rest of your pregnancy.

The risks of leaving gestational diabetes untreated include:

  • risk of jaundice
  • breathing and hypoglycemia problems
  • risk of premature delivery and preeclampsia
  • pregnancy-induced high blood pressure

The major benefit to this study is that it allows testing early in the first trimester instead of almost at the end of the second. This allows for women to take care of their health quicker, to come up with a plan sooner, and potentially save lives and lengthen pregnancy times. Most of the time, unless you already have a risk factor (prior GD, family history, obesity) you won’t receive a glucose screen until second trimester.

While this test isn’t commonplace or even available in most offices yet, the hope that it quickly becomes as routine as the 24-28 week one is there.

If you could know early on in a pregnancy about your risk of gestational diabetes, would you? Or would you prefer to still wait until the offered time now?

Source: EurekaAlert.org

Photo Credit: istockphoto

Diana blogs on raising a toddler daughter, the loss of her twin boys, and a baby boy on the way on the aptly named Hormonal ImbalancesSmaller glimpses into her day are on TwitterFacebook, and Pinterest.

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