Miscarriage: Understanding the Why

For many women, myself included, it can be very important for our grieving process to understand why a miscarriage happened. It is estimated that 1 in 5 pregnancies end in miscarriage with most of those occurring within the first trimester (12 weeks).

Personally I was very focused on the WHY. It wasn’t very simple for my story because I ended up having a few factors that contributed to my 10 losses.  I felt relieved when I understood the why – that it wasn’t something I was doing wrong.

Often times the cause of miscarriage can not be determined, though most miscarriages in the first trimester are thought to be a result of a chromosomal abnormality.

There are 6 other main factors that can contribute to a miscarriage – click through to find out more.

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    Hormonal factors including polycystic ovarian syndrome, thyroid disorder and luteal phase defect have all been indicated as risk factors for miscarriage. Diagnosis and proper treatment and a plan for pregnancy should be considered with your physician before pregnancy to reduce miscarriage risk
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    Certain infections/illnesses both in the woman and fetus are linked to an increase risk of miscarriage. A few of these infections include rubella, chlamydia, listeria monocytogenes, toxoplasmosa gondii, herpes simplex and parovirus B19.
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    Autoimmune disorders like lupus, celiac disease and diabetes can all increase your risk factor for miscarriage. Especially if you are not yet diagnosed and on a clear treatment path before pregnancy. Autoimmune disorders can cause the woman's body to attack the growing fetus or will prevent the pregnancy from progressing causing miscarriage.
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    Abnormal anatomy of the uterus can be a contributing risk factor for miscarriage more likely in the early to late second trimester. Uterine septum, bicornuate uterus or fibroids can hinder healthy placenta attachment or hinder the growth of the fetus. Cervical abnormalities can also be a risk factor for miscarriage.
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    Clotting disorders the most common being Factor V Leiden and prothrombin mutations and protein C and protein S deficiencies can cause death of fetus due to a clot in the placenta, umbilical cord or within the mother. Miscarriage due to clotting disorders tend to occur after the 10th week of pregnancy or later in the second trimester (leading to possible stillbirth).
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    Cigarette smoking both by the mother and father have been linked to an increased risk of miscarriage. Alcohol and drug use while pregnant are also strongly linked to miscarriage.

[photo credit]   /   [source]


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